Tuesday, December 31, 2019
The Everlasting Child Wuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬â¢s Catherine Earnshaw is infamous for her complex character, some arguing that she is manipulative, others sympathizing with the difficult choices she is faced with. However, there is no doubt that she is innately childish. As Catherine grows older, her character is not changed; she remains juvenile and selfish, making everything a game that revolves around her. In a sense, her mindset never progresses past one of a child. As Sigmund Freud wrote in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Ã¢â¬Å"What makes an infant characteristically different from every other stage of human life is that the child is polymorphously perverseÃ¢â¬ . Children are dominated by what Freud labelled as the Ã¢â¬Å"IDÃ¢â¬ , or the unconscious instinctual selfish urges one experiences. Ultimately, children are egocentric, expect to gain what they want, and do not understand complexity in othersÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings - all characteri stics Catherine exemplifies. Her selfishness goes beyond the ordinary self-centeredness (Thormahlen 5) one might encounter in a regular adult - rather, Catherine directly affects her relationships with people through her perverse actions, and still does not recognize the harm in doing so. She exists in an irresponsible state, not perceiving that she cannot have, and be, everything she wants whenever she wants itÃ¢â¬ (5) - and this is reflected in every single relationship she experiences. It is CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s intrinsicShow MoreRelatedThe Everlasting Child : Wuthering Heights1832 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Everlasting Child Wuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬â¢s Catherine Earnshaw is infamous for her complex character, some arguing that she is manipulative, others sympathizing with the difficult choices she is faced with. However, there is no doubt that she is innately childish. As Catherine grows older, her character is not changed; she remains juvenile and selfish, making everything a game that revolves around her. In a sense, her mindset never progresses past one of a child. As Sigmund Freud wrote inRead MoreWuthering Heights By Emily Bronte1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2015 Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily BrontÃ « Introduction The novel Wuthering Heights was written in 1847 by Emily BrontÃ «. The plot unravels with Lockwood visiting his landlord at Wuthering Heights; as Lockwood stays the night, he starts to discover items within the home and later a fatal vision appears, which causes him great curiosity. Lockwood returns back to his residence at Thrushcross Granges and listens to the history of his landlord, Heathcliff; told by an old servant at Wuthering HeightsRead More Catherine and Heathcliffs Passion in Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLoveÃ¢â¬â¢s Destruction in Ã¢â¬Å"Wuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬ In the novel Ã¢â¬Å"Wuthering HeightsÃ¢â¬ , by Emily Bronte, Catherine and HeathcliffÃ¢â¬â¢s passion for one another is the center of the story. Catherine appears to struggle with her choices in love displaying immaturity in how she sees the love between herself and Heathcliff. HeathcliffÃ¢â¬â¢s love for Catherine is more of a true love, however, Ã¢â¬Å"true loveÃ¢â¬ soon turns into an obsession that leads him to madness and, eventually, his death. Catherine actually detested HeathcliffRead MoreAnalytical Paper Explicating Emily Brontes Wuthering Heights2293 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Analytical paper explicating the novel-Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte Introduction Emily Bronte really does do good job bringing in love, passion, longing, and death and also the afterlife, which has a way of linking them all rolled up into one, and creates the excellent novel that we all refer to in this current time as Wuthering Heights. Even though Catherine and Heathcliffs desire for each other did appear to be the attraction of Wuthering Heights, provided that it is greater and moreRead MoreAnalysis Of Emily Bronte s Wuthering Heights 2133 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesKimberly Boots Ms. Loomis AP Literature and Composition 16 January 2015 The Meaning Behind It All Emily BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s Wuthering Heights is not only one of the most widely read books in America, but it also encourages different critical approaches. One of the most interesting approaches is the psychoanalytical approach in this circumstance. Through the entirety of this book it is understood that defending oneself in different ways is a way to escape the stresses of reality. Ã¢â¬Å"Our unconscious desiresRead MoreVictorian Novel9605 Words Ã |Ã 39 Pagesliving. Artists of Ã¢â¬ËPre- Raphaelite BrotherhoodÃ¢â¬â¢ claimed to write only true about nature, concentrate only on the true ideas. These three years saw the rise of such works: of Bronte sistersÃ¢â¬â¢ Poems, Charlotte BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Jane Eyre, Emily BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Wuthering Heights, William ThackerayÃ¢â¬â¢s Vanity Fair. The Following twenty years could be seen as the high period of Ã¢â¬ËVictorian novelÃ¢â¬â¢. Despite being a mixture of boom and slump, the years of 1850-1870 were recognized by the economic growth. The nation was the richestRead MoreEssay on Frankenstein as Gothic Literature3563 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesfrom about 1764 until 1832, a period of nearly seventy years. At this time there were many successful and famous authors who wrote books which contained a somewhat gothic theme. These include the famous BrontÃ « Sisters with the novels Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre, both of which can be found on many modern bookshelves of today. As well as the famous sisters, well know authors, of the time, also included Ann Radcliffe with her Mysteries of Udolpho and Horace Walpoles The Castle of
Sunday, December 22, 2019
Thesis: Advertising strategies that lead to the highest product sales are the ones that utilize effective branding and represent products honestly and clearly, capture the viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ attention, and remain in viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ memories. Advertisers spend millions of dollars creating effective television ads and commercials so consumers will purchase their products. Television advertising, the most powerful form of advertising, enables both audio and video advertising messages. Unlike other means of advertisements, like the newspaper, radios, websites and magazines, television advertising is quick and memorable. Based on research reports, millions of people watch television every day, and it is one of the leading leisure activities for human beingsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of the television advertising strategies that leads to the highest product sales is to utilize effective branding and represent products honestly and clearly so that the product is represented clearly in the commercial. An example of this is Ã¢â¬Å"Tony the TigerÃ¢â¬ for KelloggÃ¢â¬â¢s cereal. Tony the Tiger appears in commercials as an animated character interacting with children in a live-action world. To be able to do this, Kellogg and other cereal companies spend millions of dollars annually in advertising. By having characters like these, viewers are able to immediately identify what brand is being presented. Another example is the Bounty commercial form Procter and Gamble. This commercial compares Bounty and bargain paper towels by showing them being used beside each other. This Bounty commercial shows that Bounty paper towels are 50% stronger and more absorbent than bargain paper towels because the commercial creators know that consumers would choose the brand that is known as the strongest. Bounty is a little higher priced, but the commercial indicates that a person can use the towels longer than the bargain brand towels. These commercials make people aware of the brand and cause the viewers to be more likely to choose it over others. Many commercials do not present their brand name clearly, and this leaves viewers confused as to what the commercial is selling. For
Saturday, December 14, 2019
string(45) " drug of choice because of its availability\." Marijuana Marijuana is a psychoactive drug, and is the most controversial of these types of drugs. The reason being is that there are so many myths and misconceptions that surround marijuana. It is not clear about the addiction potential, physical and psychological problems of marijuana. We will write a custom essay sample on Cannabis and Marijuana Plants or any similar topic only for you Order Now . Marijuana is the third most popular recreational drug in America behind only alcohol and tobacco, and has been used by nearly 100 million Americans (marijuana). Marijuana is widely used and it is estimated that nearly 25% of Americans have used marijuana once in their lives and that 2-5 million people use it daily despite it being illegal. Marijuana is a mixture of crushed leaves, flowers, small branches, stems, and seed of the hemp plant. This plant grows best in tropical climates and can be found throughout the world. Most countries cultivate this plant on purpose. Cannabis Indica species can withstand colder climates (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ) If marijuana were to become a cash crop it would be the largest grown in the United States. It is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world, following caffeine, nicotine, and alcoholic beverages in the popularity. In the United States, where the route of admission is usually smoking, it also has been called weed, grass, pot, or reefer (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ). Marijuana is a depressant. The effects of marijuana may vary with its strength and dosage and with the state of mind of the user. High doses can cause tachycardia, paranoia, and delusions (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ). Marijuana can also have a psychedelic effect in high doses. With this being said, marijuana is classified as both a depressant and a psychedelic. Marijuana does produce some of the same effects as hallucinogens like a LSD or mescaline, but it differs chemically and pharmacologically. Marijuana is made up of many chemicals. There are currently 426 known compounds in the plant. When marijuana is burned there are 1500 additional compounds that are formed. The chemical compounds that are found in marijuana only are called cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are the most active and mind-altering ingredients in marijuana. The primary active component of marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), although other cannabin derivatives are also thought to be intoxicating. In 1988 scientists discovered receptors that bind THC on the membranes of nerve cells. They reasoned that the body must make its own THC-like substance. The substance, named anandamide, was isolated from pig brains in 1992 by an American pharmacologist, William A. Devane (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ). The potency of marijuana is determined by the amount of THC present. All the parts of the plant have different concentrations of THC. So the mixture of the plant material used and the conditions of how the plant was grown determines the potency of this drug sold on the street. The root of this plant has no THC value, the stalk have very little value, there is some THC found in the branches, there is a moderate amount of THC found in the leaves(male has 5 leaves and female has 7 leaves), and the highest amount of THC concentration will be found in the buds, flowers and seeds. The concentration of THC has increased over the past 30 years. Marijuana is 25 to 40 times more potent than it was in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, itÃ¢â¬â¢s up from . 2% to 5-8% pure today. Marijuana dates back to 2700 B. C. in ancient China. The plant was used to make rope, cloth, and paper from its fiber. It was during this time that the resins, flowers, and leaves from the plant could also be used for medical use. It was used to treat gout, malaria, and gas pains. It was by 500 B. C. that the Chinese put a ban of the use of the plant because of it unpredictable intoxicating effects. Marijuana was introduced into ancient India mainly for the mind altering effects. Marijuana was used in religious ceremonies the euphoria producing ability. It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take long for the plant to be recognized for its intoxicating effects and its value in making rope and cloth. In America the public didnÃ¢â¬â¢t show any interest in marijuana as a recreational drug. It was just used in medicines. It was primarily prescribed legally for a numerous physical and mental aliments until 1940. In fact when Congress passed the Harrison Narcotics Act in 1914, many drugs were removed from the marketplace, but it excluded marijuana. It was not until the prohibition of alcohol that marijuana smoking became prominent. The Mexican immigrants were introducing marijuana along the Mexican border, while West Indian sailors were bringing it into the Gulf States. People no longer could legally use alcohol in and get their intoxicating effects so smoking marijuana became very popular. It became apparent in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s that marijuana was being abused and there was an increase in violence because of its use. Tales were beginning to spread of the effects, murder, rape, sexual excess, and memory loss from using marijuana. The federal government tried to scare the public with a film called Ã¢â¬Å"reefer madnessÃ¢â¬ , but it actually did more harm than good. In 1935 the states took action and started passing their own laws towards non-medical use of marijuana. In 1937 the federal government stepped up and passed a Marijuana Tax Act that prohibited the use of all non-medical marijuana, the possession and use of cannabis nationwide. Marijuana came back on the scene during the World War II era. It was extensively cultivated during the World War II era, when Asian sources of hemp were cut off (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ). It was commercially grown. The Philippines were being invaded by the Japanese so there was no sisal plant to make rope. American farmers were actually encouraged to the marijuana plants for rope production. Birds loved the seeds of this plant and when they would leave their droppings it would start wild plants of marijuana to grow throughout the United States. Marijuana became a very popular drug of choice because of its availability. You read "Cannabis and Marijuana Plants" in category "Papers" Today marijuana is a widely used illegal drug among many ethnic groups. Hispanics are among 9. 2 percent of users; non-Hispanic blacks (7. 7% , nearly 8 percent of females used marijuana in the past year vs. 14% of males used in the past year); non-Hispanic whites (6. 7%, nearly 7 percent vs. 11 percent); Asian/Pacific Islanders (2. 0%, 2% vs. 7. %); South Americans (4. 2%, more than 4% vs. 13 percent). It can be found on the street for a price of $250-500 ounce depending on where it is bought. The cheapest is in Oregon at $258 ounce and most expensive in Washington D. C. at $486 ounce. Age itself is one of the most significant variables in understanding marijuana use. Past-year use of marijuana increased with age, to a peak prevalence of about 23 percent among 18 -25 year olds, before declining to about 44 percent among persons aged 35 and older. Among adults, male smoking rates for marijuana are nearly twice those for females. IN the total surveyed population, males were about 70% more likely than females to have used marijuana in the past year (11 percent versus 6. 7, nearly 7 percent). The only exception to the data showing more male smokers of marijuana than females occurs among children and teens. There still remains controversy over the medical uses of marijuana. Proponents are saying that it is useful for treating pain and the nausea and vomiting that are side effects of cancer chemotherapy and for restoring the appetite in people with AIDS (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana, history of,Ã¢â¬ ) Modern research uggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief-in particular (neuropathic pain), nausea, plasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant, specifically for patients suffering from HIV, the AIDS wasting syndrome, or dementia (Marijuana). What are the acute effects of marijuana? Marijuana ca n reach the brain through the bloodstream in less than 30 seconds of smoking a joint. It delivers a physical and psychological effect rather quickly. The peak of the effects is usually reached by the time smoking is finished. If a person wants these effects to last longer they would have to consume the marijuana orally from brownies for example. This would allow the marijuana to be absorbed into the system much longer and these effects would last over 2-3 hours. It only takes a single use of marijuana to impair a personÃ¢â¬â¢s motor coordination. The person who just used marijuana may think that they are just fine, but they are really clumsy. This kind of thinking from a person under the influence only spells disaster waiting to happen. A person under the influence of marijuana and their ability to follow a moving stimulus is greatly diminished and can last up to 4-8 hours beyond the point of intoxication. This would interfere with their driving skills. Also their ability to perceive light will be significantly impaired and would be a major risk for someone operating heavy machinery. Marijuana has some serious physical effects on a person. Although legalization activists and many marijuana users believe smoking pot has no negative effects, scientific research indicates that marijuana use can cause many different health problems (The health effects of marijuana, n. . ) . Smoking a single joint of marijuana is the equivalent of smoking 15 cigarettes. Marijuana has at least 50% more tar and carcinogenic materials than cigarettes. Because marijuana is not filtered it enters the lungs at a temperature hotter than cigarette smoke and thus drying and irritating the tissues in the lung. Marijuana has been shown to increase the heart rate. Within a few minutes after smoking marijuana, the heart begins beating more rapidly and the blood pressure drops. Marijuana can cause the heart beat to increase by 20 to 50 beats per minute, and can increase even more if other drugs are used at the same time (The health effects of marijuana, n. d. ) It is because of the lower blood pressure and higher heart rate that the researchers have found that a person smoking marijuana has a 4 times greater risk of heart attack compared to them not smoking marijuana. If a person is aware that they have heart disease they should avoid the use of marijuana. Marijuana can hurt the immune system of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s lungs. Smoking marijuana can paralyze or destroy the anti-infection white blood cells of the lungs. It is because of this that most smokers will develop laryngitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, cough, hoarseness, and dry throat. Research indicates that THC impairs the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s immune system from fighting disease, which can cause a wide variety of health problems. One study found that marijuana actually inhibited the disease-preventing actions of key immune cell (The health effects of marijuana, n. d. ) . There have been recent studies that show marijuana can depress T cells. The depressing of T-lymphocyte functions known as Ã¢â¬Å"killer T cellsÃ¢â¬ would make a person more susceptible to the AIDS infection. The greatest concern is the fact that marijuana is a drug. Some of the most profound effects occur in the brain. Marijuana produces a sense of euphoria, but it also produces anxiety, confusion and if used heavily-drug induced psychosis. Not to mention the effects on reflexes, vision, and motor coordination. Marijuana has effects on long-term memory, because studies suggest that marijuana will fill a synaptic gap between brain cells which stops the flow of electrical signals. Marijuana users experience burn-out or amotivational syndrome from regular use. They have a lack of concern for the future, loss of motivation, loss of ambition, loss of effectiveness, dullness, diminished ability to carry out long term planning, difficulty in concentration, intermittent confusion, impaired memory, and a decline in work and school performance. There are treatments for marijuana disorders. Marijuana dependence may appear to be very similar to other substance dependence disorders, but the long term clinical outcomes may be less severe. The adults who are seeking treatment for marijuana abuse or dependence have used marijuana nearly every day for more than 10 years and have attempted to quit more than six times (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana abuse,Ã¢â¬ ). Let it be noted that marijuana dependence is most prevalent in patients that are suffering from other psychiatric disorders, who are mostly adolescents or young adults. Usually dependence in marijuana co-occurs with other drugs such as cocaine and alcohol. Studies indicate that effectively treating the mental health disorder with standard treatments involving medications and behavioral therapies may help reduce annabis use, particularly among heavy users and those with more chronic mental disorders. Behavioral treatments, such as motivational enhancement therapy (MET), group or individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and contingency management (CM), as well as family-based treatments, have shown promise (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana abuse,Ã¢â¬ ). Success rates of those seeking t reatment are modest and even the most effective treatment for adults will only achieve 50% abstinence in a 2 week period. Those that do achieve a full two week abstinence, more than half will resume use within a year. Across studies, 1 year abstinence rates have ranged between q0 and 30 percent for the various behavioral approaches (Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana abuse,Ã¢â¬ ). This data suggest that a more chronic care model should be considered for marijuana addiction. The intensity of the treatment can be stepped up or down based on the patients need. The availability of family and other supports are needed. There are currently no medications to treat the abuse of marijuana, but there is ongoing research being conducted. The studies are mostly targeting the withdrawal syndrome of marijuana. For example, a recent human laboratory study showed that a combination of a cannabin agonist medication with loffexidine ( a medication approved in the United Kingdom for the treatment of opioid withdrawal) produced more robust improvements in sleep and decreased marijuana withdrawal, craving, and relapse in daily marijuana smokers relative to either medication alone(Ã¢â¬Å"Marijuana abuse,Ã¢â¬ ). There have been recent discoveries about endogenous cannabin systems inner workings. It raises the possibility of a future medication that would be able to block THCÃ¢â¬â¢s intoxicating effects. This would prevent patients from relapsing by eliminating marijuanaÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal. References Abbott, A. (2010). Alcohol tobacco and other drugs (2nd ed. ). Washington, DC: NASW Press. Colorado and washington legalized marijuana today, what happens now? (2012, November). Retrieved from http://blog. norml. org/2012/11/08/colorado-and-washington-legalized-marijuana-tuesday-what-happens-now/ Demographics of marijuana users. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. opposingviews. com/i/gov-t-stats-reveal-demographics-of-adult-marijuana-users Drug facts: marijuana. (n. d. ). Retrieved from How to cite Cannabis and Marijuana Plants, Papers
Friday, December 6, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Bartleby, the ScrivenerÃ¢â¬ forces readers to consider the numbing effects of capitalism upon a workerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. Although American capitalism, democracy, and individualism are often seen to be mutually reinforcing the economic, political, and philosophical pillars of American society, MelvilleÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Bartleby, the ScrivenerÃ¢â¬ suggests that capitalism can dehumanize workers and that its stability relies upon the illusion that it is an inevitable, inhuman system. Bartleby, the ScrivenerÃ¢â¬ implies that this system of social and economic relations is ironically threatened by human desire, choice, and preference, the very attributes that seems to shape our individual identities. As such, the primary guardian of capitalist values, in the novella, is the narrator who represses human desire, choice, and preference to ensure the smooth operation of his law office. In MelvilleÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Bartleby, the Scrivener,Ã¢â¬ he argues that work in a capitalist society dehumanizes its employees because the upper class regards them as working tools instead of as people. We will write a custom essay sample on The Dehumanization of Workers or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page One way Melville shows the dehumanization of workers is through the lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s introduction of his three initial employees. In this introduction, the lawyer describes how he sees his workers, which mainly consists of how useful they are to him at certain times. For example, he explains how one of his scriveners, named Turkey, [was] a most valuable person to [him]Ã¢â¬ in the morning, Ã¢â¬Å"accomplishing a great deal of work in a style not easy to be matchedÃ¢â¬ (Melville 8). In the afternoons, however, he considered Turkey to be quite impudent because he was not as productive with his work. In fact, the lawyer even suggested that Ã¢â¬Å"[Turkey] need not come to [his] chambers after twelve o clock, but best go home to his lodgings and rest himself till tea time (Melville 8). Similarly, the lawyer describes Nippers (one of the other scriveners who work for him) as suffering from the evils of ambition and indigestion and as a person who Ã¢â¬Å"knew not what he wantedÃ¢â¬ (Melville 10). This description of his workers dehumanizes them because the lawyer does not want to acknowledge the desires or wants of his employees. They are simply being referred to by how well they work for him, based on their usefulness and productivity. The lawyer is representative of how employers in a capitalist society see their workers as merely working devices. Secondly, the lawyer dehumanizes his workers, simply by the way he addresses them, that is, by using nicknames rather than their actual names. Their nicknames are Turkey, Nippers, and Ginger Nut. A turkey is a kind of animal, while Nippers refers to a tool used to squeeze something. Ginger Nut, the office boyÃ¢â¬â¢s nickname, is a type of cake that the other workers often eat and the lawyer describes one of Ginger NutÃ¢â¬â¢s duties as the Ã¢â¬Å"cake and apple purveyor for Turkey and NippersÃ¢â¬ (Melville 14). Being described by their use(s) in the office is like stating that these workers have no other qualities/traits or purpose, except to work for the lawyer. Once again, Melville emphasizes the dehumanizing aspect of the capitalist system. According to Marx, capitalists are only able to make profits through the exploitation of their workers. Profits are made by the workers producing more, for their boss/capitalist, than they are actually worth and paid for in wages. Melville argues that the capitalists exploit their workers for cheap labor. For example, the lawyer describes the work of the scriveners, as Ã¢â¬Å"a dull, wearisome, and lethargic affair,Ã¢â¬ (Melville 16) and Ã¢â¬Å"to some sanguine temperaments, it would be altogether intolerableÃ¢â¬ (16). This demonstrates that even the employer thinks that his employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ work is insufferable. Similarly, the lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s office building is located on the second floor but only offers a view of some walls. The lawyer himself admits that Ã¢â¬Å"this view might have been considered tame than otherwise, deficient in what landscape painters call Ã¢â¬Å"lifeÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ (Melville 6). These walls allow no view of the outside world and act as a reminder to the workers of where they belong: behind the walls and hard at work. Despite being aware of these issues, the lawyer does nothing to try to improve his employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ work, nor does he ask them to share their opinions or concerns regarding their working conditions. They are forced to do work without any regard to their feelings or views. This exploitation is further evidenced by how the lawyer expects his workers to drop whatever they are doing when he needs them and to be at his beck and call. The workers do not have the freedom to express their desires or opinions regarding their work, but rather must simply obey their employerÃ¢â¬â¢s orders. For example, when the lawyer wants to finish up a Ã¢â¬Å"small affair,Ã¢â¬ he extends out his copy for Bartleby to read with a Ã¢â¬Å"natural expectancy of instant complianceÃ¢â¬ (Melville 17). Bartleby refuses to perform the task, by saying Ã¢â¬Å"I would prefer not toÃ¢â¬ (17). The lawyer is simply shocked to hear this. In fact, he believes that Ã¢â¬Å"[his] ears have deceived [him], or [that] Bartleby had entirely misunderstood [his] meaningÃ¢â¬ (17). This shows that the Ã¢â¬Å"expectancy of instant complianceÃ¢â¬ is instilled within he capitalists/upper class and that there is no room for workers who refuse to cooperate with the capitalists system of production, because a refusal to cooperate involves voicing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion. However, machines and tools do not prefer or want anything; they simply act predictably in accordance with mechanistic laws. Only human beings have free will, preference, and the knowledge that they have freedom of thought and expression. The lawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s surprise at BartlebyÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to perform his duties indicates that workers are simply viewed as instruments of labor and production that are considered to have no choice or sense of opinion. In conclusion, the capitalists system greatly dehumanizes its workers. They are exploited by the capitalists for cheap labor, which is used to fuel their profits. Workers are seen as machines, who must abide to the capitalist system of production, regardless of their working conditions or work tasks. Any refusal to obey these norms of production is looked upon unfavorably and can even lead to the dismissal of the worker from his/her workplace.